Characteristics: Often cheap linings and taffeta. soft with crisp feel. It has the lustrous appearance of silk and excellent drapability. It is not a strong Fiber, as it's resistance to abrasion is poor. It does resist shrinkage, moths, and mildew and does not absorb moisture readily. It is fast drying and when heated becomes more pliable. Acetone and alcohol dissolve acetate Fibers. Special dyes are required if it is be colored.
Uses: Clothing, uniforms, lingerie, linings, interlinings. Acrylic
Characteristics: manufactured fiber, durable, soft, woolly feel. It comes in a variety of colors, and can be dyed easily. It is resistant to sun and chemicals.
Uses: Often used as a replacement for wool. Batiste
Fiber: Cotton, also rayon and wool.
Characteristics: Light weight, soft, semi-sheer fabric. It belongs to the lawn family; almost transparent. Sometimes it is printed or embroidered. In a heavier weight, it is used for foundation garments and linings in a plain, figured, striped, or flowered design. Now usually made of 100% polyester distinguished by slubs in filling direction. Boucle
Fiber: Wool, also in rayon, silk, cotton, linen, blends, hair Fibers.
Weave: Any weave, knit.
Characteristics: A drawn out or ringed, looped yarn is used to give it a kinky appearance at intervals. Made in a variety of weights. Boucle yarns are usually in both the filling and the warp. Fabrics are usually springy to handle on account of the highly twisted yarns used to achieve the boucle effect. Often ravels easily.
Uses: Coats, suits, dresses, sportswear. Broadcloth
Fiber: Cotton and silk, and rayon. Very different than wool broadcloth.
Weave: Plain weave, most cotton broadcloths made with a very fine crosswise rib weave.
Characteristics: Very closely woven. Filling is heavier and has less twist. It is finer than poplin when made with a crosswise rib. Has a smooth finish. May be bleached, dyed, or printed; also is often mercerized. Wears very well. If not of a high quality or treated it wrinkles very badly.
Uses: Shirts, dresses, particularly the tailored type in plain colors, blouses, summer wear. Brocade
Fiber: Silk, rayon, cotton, and all others. Cotton brocade often has the ground of cotton and the pattern of rayon and silk.
Weave: Jacquard and dobby.
Characteristics: Rich, heavy, elaborate design effect. Sometimes with colored or metallic threads making the design usually against a satin weave background. This makes the figures stand out. Often reversible.
Uses: evening wear, church vestments, interior furnishings, and state robes Buckram
Fiber: Cotton, some in linen, synthetics.
Characteristics: Cheap, low-textured, loose weave, very heavily sized and stiff. Also, 2 fabrics are glued together; one is open weave and the other much finer. Some is also made in linen in a single fabric. Softens with heat and/or water. Can be shaped while warm /wet.
Uses: Used for interlinings and all kinds of stiffening in clothes and for millinery. Used to give stiffness to leather garments not as stiff and often colored is called "tarlatan". Burlap